Sarah Hartley

Why to give a shit about World Toilet Day #wecantwait

leave a comment

Today is World Toilet Day. If that’s something you haven’t come across before, let me share a few details with you here as it’s a topic that’s becoming increasingly urgent.

If you’d told me this time last year, I’d be blogging about bogs, well, I’d have doubted you to say the least, but various things have happened during 2014 that have brought this issue into sharp relief. Even if they hadn’t, just seeing the dreadful sanitation in areas suffering with Ebola should surely be enough to make even the least interested person sit up and be thankful for their cushioned toilet roll.

Like most people in the UK, toilets are something I take for granted. The fact that we can all have one at home, that we don’t really think about every flush – these things have always been present in my lifetime. But in many places that’s still an unachievable luxury, which is why the United Nations Development Goals includes a sanitation resolution calling for an end to what is termed ‘open defecation’.

You don’t need to dwell too long on those words to grasp their meaning and, shockingly, a huge 2.5 million people do not have access to the most basic of toilets and so are forced ‘elsewhere’.

It’s an issue that has been high on agenda for some of the journalists and activists I’ve been fortunate to work with this year.

At, our lead story this month also takes a look at this issue. In his piece, The world’s biggest problem and how to fix it, journalist Sam Hailes talks about the activities of fledgling philanthropists Adam and Pete James who discover the dirty truth about this great need.

“We thought we might end up on transport or building roads,” Adam says referencing The West Wing, “but actually that’s not the most significant contributing factor to global poverty. There are bigger pieces to the puzzle. The scale and the value we would add to trying to solve that, is minimal. Clean, safe toilets is where we landed.”

On top of preventing poverty and ending violence to women, Adam believes clean, safe toilets can also provide jobs and even education.

“If we deliver dignity, which is part of what a toilet does to that community, can we also deliver the dignity of business to women? Is there a way of building that into what we’re doing?”

That impact on the lives of women and girls is an aspect that another writer, Emma Jayne addressed back in June in the UNDP sponsored issue for that month. In an article titled Toilets save lives, she raised fears that the current target will be missed by the organisation and added:

“Toilets have many other benefits too, particularly for girls and women. Many girls end up missing up to a week of school a month when they start menstruating as there is nowhere to change or dispose of sanitary protection. This means they often fall behind in their work and more likely to drop out of education. 1 in 10 African girls do not attend school during menstruation, or drop out at puberty because of the lack of clean and private sanitation facilities in schools, according to research by UNICEF.

The simple act of building a toilet can have huge implications for their future. Toilets also help protect women and girls from violence. When they are out seeking somewhere to defecate after dark. they are vulnerable to sexual assault and also from attacks by wild animals.”

This isn’t only an issue for remote rural outposts with little infrastructure. A group of activists I’ve recently come across while doing media training work in South Africa are busy tracking the public toilets issue for their township near Cape Town – a place that needs no introduction as a major city, tourist destination and business centre.

And when I say ‘public toilets’, let’s be clear, these aren’t facilities for people caught short while out of the home – these are the ONLY facilities, shared in communities without access to home toilets.

The organisation Ndifuna Ukwazi has carried out an audit of the toilets in Khyaelitsha – they are dirty, they are broken and they are unsafe. They produced the video at the top of this page and also this data rich map looking at every facility.

You’ll be hearing more about their work in the coming months too……

But for now, when you flush today, spare a thought on World Toilet Day for those who really can’t (and shouldn’t have to) wait.

* Follow news about the day on Twitter @worldtoiletday and via the hashtag #wecantwait.

Written by sarahhartley

November 19th, 2014 at 7:15 am

Journo stuff I’ve collected on 11/12/2014

leave a comment

  • “The clearest indication of this is the Things team. This is a four-person group in Quartz’s 36-person newsroom, headed by Zach Seward, one of Quartz’s original employees. Its members, which include David Yanofsky and Nikhil Sonnad, are called reporters, but the title doesn’t tell the whole story. Delaney likes the term polymaths; they all have some combination of journalism, coding or data-visualization experience, often self-taught.

    tags: quartz newsroom journalism

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

Written by sarahhartley

November 12th, 2014 at 4:30 pm

Posted in Uncategorized

Media training in South Africa with #mediaCT

leave a comment

“Do you have a Twitter and a Facebook account?” That question is just about standard these days at the start of any training session which is going to involve media and comms.

And so it was for the participants of the latest citizen reporting training sessions I’ve been running with Raymond Joseph for activists in South Africa. Nothing unusual in that and it can be a great starting point to a wider discussion about social media with a group.

But ultimately, it’s also a pretty limited question – after all, just because a person has an account, it doesn’t follow that a. They know how use it effectively or b. It suits their professional needs.

During our training sessions to date, we’ve tended to talk more about the underlying principles of social media and how it works in the whole mix of media available to a storyteller these days.

Tips include:

  • Try out different platforms, but go back to the one that works best for you. If your audience mainly contact you on Twitter use that; if they favour Facebook, focus your energy building the community there.
  • Pick a metric and measure the impact of your social content. This might be likes on Facebook, retweets on Twitter or simply the quality of conversation you have around a topic.
  • Keep your organisation’s tone of voice consistent. Having lots of different styles is confusing, so establish your values, have them agreed and supported across all levels of stakeholder plus provide training to those involved.
  • Think about a visual element. How about publishing video clips regularly on YouTube, Instagram or Vine? Use more pictures. Images embedded directly into Twitter are 94% more likely to get more retweets.
  • When. Post less and at specific times. Facebook or Twitter analytics tell you when your community is most active, so concentrate on those times.
  • Think short and shareable to cut through the noise. It needs to be new, important or genuinely funny to engage an audience.

Having some general approaches in mind can help people focus on which platforms will be most suitable for their particular projects and campaigns as well as hopefully providing them with some future-proofing for when THE NEXT BIG THING inevitably comes round the corner.

However, there is also a role for some detailed hands-on, ‘how to’ training which is why I’m pleased that we’re going to be offering two short one-day courses which will get into the nuts and bolts of the most popular platforms in the new year. (If you’re interested in signing up for that, please do get in touch).

This work in Cape Town is going to continue in February when we’re going to be working with some of those mapping, investigating and exploring major issues thanks to the support of the Indigo Trust.

Their work unearths some incredibly important issues – participants in this last workshop are looking at everything from the campaigning around antiretroviral drugs to the state of a township’s public toilet provision for example.

I hope to be able to share more of their stories in the coming weeks and months. If you’re interested in following, there is a Twitter list for the participants here and we are using the hashtag #MediaCT.

* The picture gallery above is by participant and journalist Kim Harrisberg. It shows the session taking place at the home of Code 4 South Africa, Codebridge, Cape Town and the hook-up via Google + Hangout with The Guardian in London.

Written by sarahhartley

November 11th, 2014 at 11:08 am

Journo stuff I’ve collected on 10/17/2014

leave a comment

  • “A person who never leaves the office, or never uses a telephone, or never asks a question on Twitter is not reporting. You can only get so much news from your own mind. If you’re doing that, you’re a source, not a reporter. “

    tags: twitter tweetdeck sources journalism

  • “A guide to advanced newsgathering using Tweetdeck

    Tweetdeck is a powerful newsgathering tool. But are you using all the tips and tricks to mean you get to the story before it breaks? Do you know how to hone in to find key contacts?”

    tags: twitter tweetdeck

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

Written by sarahhartley

October 17th, 2014 at 4:30 pm

Posted in Uncategorized

Mapped: Contributoria stories from October

leave a comment

Image: Dean Vipond.


One of the most inspiring things about working on has been the global spread of issues and interests our writers have demonstrated.

Here is just a snapshot – this month’s issue mapped, simply touch the image to explore the world of stories.

Although most active in the UK and Europe (not surprising considering that’s where the team is based) the growing community of writers has also been turning their attention further afield.

The global nature of the coverage is something we noticed from day one on the platform and is continuing apace, helping to answer one of our initial aims in starting the site by exposing new writers and stories that might not otherwise emerge.

If I had to pick three personal favourites from this month which show that diversity, I’d suggest taking a look at Naomi Klein: “We’re not who we were told we were” (Canada), Kalashnikovs and cameras on the road to Syrian freedom (Syria) and Who makes the best cup of tea: George Orwell or Douglas Adams? (UK).

The full range of articles from the October issue can be access via the map above or by continent here:




Middle East


Indian subcontinent

Image: Dean Vipond

If you’d like to join the freelance writers on and get paid for your original journalism – from anywhere in the world – join us here.
And if you’d like a print edition or e-reader of the best stories from our online issue each month, then you can sign-up for those there too.

Written by sarahhartley

October 10th, 2014 at 12:00 pm

Posted in Journalism

Tagged with , , , ,

Journo stuff I’ve collected on 09/24/2014

leave a comment

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

Written by sarahhartley

September 24th, 2014 at 4:30 pm

Posted in Uncategorized

Journo stuff I’ve collected on 09/21/2014

one comment

  • “Matter will fund one such story this fall in our first annual International Reporting Fellowship.

    We will award one $10,000 grant to a writer or team of journalists so that he or she may investigate and report a narrative feature on an issue of global importance—or local stories of global interest. We’re open to a broad range of topics and interests, though we’re looking for stories that are provocative, timely, and idea-driven. It’s our mission to take big swings at big issues, and this story should reflect that.”

    tags: matter international reporting fellowship

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

Written by sarahhartley

September 21st, 2014 at 4:31 pm

Posted in Uncategorized

Collaborating on stories – getting the message out with shareable interactives

one comment

I’ve been experimenting with different ways to get the message out about the opportunity to collaborate on stories I’m working on and came across this neat way to embed multimedia elements into a single picture. Called, it means you can embed the links to other media (using different styles of icons) and create an easily shareable final interactive image. No code required.

Simply mouse over the image and the buttons to click onto for additional material become visible.

I’m just about to finish this story about a charity working with entrepreneurs in Congo which has been funded by members of Contributoria and so have created this particular image in a bid to spread the word here on my blog, via my newsletter, on Twitter and Facebook etc.

But it’s very easy to see how it could be powerfully applied to a news feature with multimedia elements emanating from a strong picture too.

Written by sarahhartley

September 21st, 2014 at 11:22 am

Getting independent journalism to new audiences @Contributoria


Having a printed newspaper certainly gets you noticed! Obvious in many ways, maybe, but for a digital start-up, using the power of print might not seem the most likely route but it’s certainly paying off for us at

As fellow co-founder Matt McAlister says on his own blog:

We weren’t exactly surprised to see so much interest in the printed version of Contributoria because we intuitively believed people would like it in newspaper format, particularly if it was designed nicely. But the effect on the business has been more than just a nice-to-have.

First and most obvious is that people understand what we’re up to. The mental leap required for understanding community-powered journalism can be challenging even for people who are in the business. But it only takes one or two seconds to explain it when you can give someone the output of what we’re doing to hold in their hands.

They’re encouraged to hear that our business model is about membership in a community, but that sometimes requires an explanation. When they see the newspaper they see quality journalism, and that’s something everyone understands.”

And, most importantly, it’s getting our writers noticed too. All the articles published on the platform are provided under a non-commercial share and attribution licence.

This means blogs and other non-profits can use them at no extra cost and we organise a re-licensing fee for commercial publishers (which is shared with the writer). Having the re-licensing button added to the bottom of each article has made this aspect easier to understand this month.

The first Contributoria writer to have an article syndicated to The Guardian was Rich McEachran with this article about edible packaging and there’s soon to be more appearing there too.

It’s also working internationally – prolific Contributoria writer Danielle Batist has found her way over to the South African Big Issue with her piece about London’s exiled Zimbabwe radio while Peter Dorrie’s piece about the politics of fishing in Africa is informing folk via the People’s Coalition on Food Sovereignty.

The Women’s Environmental Network is featuring Fanny Malinen’s article on food sovereignty and I think we’ve all lost track of the number of outlets which Jen Wilton and Liam Barrington-Bush’s piece about the Spanish town of Marinaleda has reached – New Internationalist, The EcologistTruth Out, Yes! MagazineROAR Magazine….this list goes on.

Exciting times indeed. If you’d like be a part of this community of independent journalists, you can sign up here.

Written by sarahhartley

September 9th, 2014 at 9:46 am

Journo stuff I’ve collected on 08/28/2014

one comment

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

Written by sarahhartley

August 28th, 2014 at 4:30 pm

Posted in Uncategorized